A ransomware is a form of malware that blocks your access to your computer until you pay a particular amount of money. There are a number of ways a ransomware can access a computer and one of the most common ones is phishing spam. It comes in the form of attachments in emails. If the file is downloaded and opened, it can immediately take over the computer of the victim, especially if there is no antivirus installed. There are some intelligent ransomware too that exploit the security holes in the computer without the knowledge of the user.
Once this malware takes over the computer, there are several things it can do. The most common action it can perform is to encrypt your files. The worst thing is that you cannot decrypt these files without a mathematical key which is only with the attacker. The victim is presented with several messages explaining that the files are now inaccessible and they can only be decrypted if the victim sends untraceable bitcoin payment to the criminal. Small businesses are affected by ransomware the hardest. They need to be prepared for ransomware attacks since all their important business data is at risk.
Now the question of concern is how can you prevent ransomware from attacking your business network or even personal computer? You cannot stop the attacker from spending ransomware but you can certainly take some measures to protect your network and PCs from being infected. Here are some tips that can help: